The COVID-19 vaccine is here in Nevada, and it's now available to everyone aged 16 or older.
Below, we answer as many of your questions as possible about the vaccine from “Where can I go to get the vaccine” to “Can I choose which vaccine I get?”
All answers below are based on interviews with state and local immunization officials and health care workers and publicly available resources from the state of Nevada, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration.
This article will be updated as more information on the COVID-19 vaccine becomes available. It was last updated on: Monday, April 5, 2021 at 11:13 a.m.
For more on how many doses of the vaccine Nevada has administered, please visit our COVID-19 data page.
Who is now eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine in Nevada?
All Nevadans over the age of 16 are eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine in the Silver State as of April 5.
Previously, vaccines were administered based on where someone fell in two eligibility “lanes.” One lane was for frontline and essential workforce, while the other was for the general population. The lane-based system allowed the state to ensure it was vaccinating both high-priority sectors of the workforce with frequent and sustained exposure to the public while also vaccinating high-priority sectors of the general population most at risk for falling seriously ill from COVID-19. Click here for a graphic that shows how those two eligibility lanes previously functioned.
Eligibility for the COVID-19 vaccine is governed by the state’s vaccination playbook. The third version of the playbook, the most recent, was released on Jan. 11. You can find it here.
Which vaccine am I eligible to receive?
The Pfizer vaccine is approved for anyone 16 and up, while Moderna and Johnson and Johnson (also known as Janssen), are only approved for use in adults 18 and up. If you are 16 or 17 or making an appointment for someone in that age group, please make sure you are scheduling an appointment for the Pfizer vaccine or you will be turned away.
Are children under the age of 16 eligible for the vaccine?
No, there is currently no approved vaccine for those under the age of 16. Pfizer, however, recently announced that its vaccine is 100 percent effective in protecting against symptomatic disease in adolescents aged 12 to 15. Pfizer is expected to soon submit its data to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the entity responsible for determining whether the vaccine’s use can be extended to those 12 to 15.
How can I get vaccinated?
Statewide: Retail pharmacies are offering the vaccine across the state.
- Smith's: Sign up here.
- Albertsons, Vons and Safeway: Sign up here.
- Walgreens: Sign up here.
- CVS: Sign up here.
- Walmart and Sam's Club: Sign up here.
- Save Mart: Sign up here.
- Raley's (Tonopah location only): For Nye and Esmeralda counties, the Tonopah Raley's at 1201 Main Street is taking appointments for those 65 and older. Call (775) 482-6711 to schedule your appointment.
- Ridley’s Market & Pharmacy (Winnemucca only): Call (775) 263-2548 to make an appointment.
Note: Only certain pharmacies are vaccinating 16 and 17 year olds. Click here to visit Immunize Nevada’s website for more information on which pharmacies are currently serving minors.
Nevada Health Centers is offering COVID-19 vaccines at its locations in Carson City, Las Vegas and Elko. More information here.
In Clark County:
- Southern Nevada Health District is scheduling appointments for its clinics and other community clinics here.
- UMC is scheduling appointments here.
- UNLV is scheduling appointments here.
- The city of North Las Vegas is scheduling appointments here.
- The city of Henderson is scheduling appointments here.
- Boulder City Fire and Boulder City Hospital are offering the vaccine. Residents should call Boulder City Parks and Recreation at (702) 293-9256 Monday through Thursday 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. to make an appointment.
- Laughlin residents can call the Laughlin Chamber of Commerce at (702) 298-2214 to be added to a vaccine waiting list.
- The VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries. More info here or call 702-791-9185.
In Washoe County:
- The Washoe County Health District is scheduling appointments here.
- Renown Health is scheduling appointments here.
- The Sparks Fire Department is scheduling appointments. Check the vaccine locator here for availability.
- UNR faculty, staff and student employees can get vaccinated here.
- The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries. More info here.
- The Reno Housing Authority is hosting a vaccine clinic on April 10. Schedule an appointment here or call (775) 624-7117 for assistance.
In the Quad Counties, which includes Carson City and Douglas, Lyon and Storey counties:
- The Carson City Health and Human Services is scheduling appointments here or call (775) 434-1988 for assistance.
- In Storey County only, the Comstock Historic District Commission meeting room in Virginia City will serve as a COVID-19 vaccine clinic site by appointment only. Those 70 and older, in addition to other eligible individuals, can schedule an appointment by calling (775) 847-0957 or (775) 847-9311.
- The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in the Quad Counties. More info here.
In Churchill County:
- Vaccines are being administered at the county fairgrounds. More information here.
- The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Churchill County. More info here.
In Elko County:
- Northeastern Nevada Regional Hospital is vaccinating all eligible individuals in the county. Information here.
- Elko is offering three vaccine point of distribution events for all eligible individuals in the county:
- April 7: Peppermill Concert Hall in West Wendover. First dose appointments are full. Second dose appointments are here.
- April 9: Elko Convention Center. First dose appointments here and second dose appointments here.
- April 17: Elko Convention Center. First dose appointments here and second dose appointments here.
In Eureka County:
- Visit the county website for more information or contact public works at (775) 237-5372. The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Eureka County. More info here.
In Humboldt County:
- Individuals can contact the community health office at (775) 623-6575 for more information visit Humboldt General Hospital’s website for more information.
- The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Humboldt County. More info here.
In Lander County:
- Contact the county's hotline at (775) 539-9136 for questions on who is currently being vaccinated and when vaccination clinics will occur.
- The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Lander County. More info here.
In Lincoln County:
- Contact the community health nurse, Nicole Rowe, to schedule appointments at (775) 962-8086 or Caliente Clinic at (775) 726-3121.
- The VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Lincoln County. More info here or call 702-791-9185.
In Mineral County:
- The Mineral County community health nurse is vaccinating by appointment only at 331 1st Street in Hawthorne. Call (775) 945-3657 for more information.
- Vaccinations are being administered at the Mt. Grant Medical Building, but you must contact your primary care provider to set up an appointment. For more information, call (775) 945-3668.
- The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Mineral County. More info here.
In Nye County:
- Nye County is offering appointments through its point of dispensing site here.
- The VA Southern Nevada Healthcare System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Nye County. More info here or call 702-791-9185.
In Pershing County:
- Residents can contact the Pershing Physicians Clinic to schedule appointments at (775) 273-2621. They can also contact the community health nurse's office at (775) 273-2041 to schedule COVID vaccinations.
- The VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System is providing COVID-19 vaccines to all veterans, their spouses, eligible caregivers and CHAMPVA beneficiaries in Pershing County. More info here.
In White Pine County:
- White Pine Community Health is scheduling vaccine appointments. Call (775) 293-6558 for more information.
- William Bee Ririe Hospital is offering second doses only to those previously immunized at the hospital. Call (775) 289-2338 for more information.
- Economy Drug is offering second doses only to those previously immunized at the pharmacy. You must call (775) 289-4929 to make an appointment. Appointments are required to receive the vaccine.
Immunize Nevada, a nonprofit organization that is working with the state on its COVID-19 vaccine rollout, also has a county-specific COVID-19 page (which you can find here) with the latest information on which groups are being vaccinated in each county. This page may be more up-to-date than this vaccine Q+A, so also check there for the latest information.
State health officials also have a phone line to answer vaccine-related questions. For more information, call 1-800-401-0946 between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m., seven days a week.
Note: The vaccine appointments may not always immediately be available as the state of Nevada continues to receive a finite allocation of doses weekly from the federal government. You also may experience difficulties accessing websites to schedule vaccination because of a high number of people trying to access the website at once.
Will I have to pay out-of-pocket for the COVID vaccine?
No, the federal government has already paid for the COVID-19 vaccine, so the vaccine itself is provided free of charge. You may be asked for an insurance card, however, so that the provider vaccinating you can bill your insurance company for the cost of providing the vaccination.
Uninsured patients will still be provided the vaccination at no cost, and the provider can enroll in a program through the federal government to recoup some of the administrative costs of providing the vaccination.
Can I get the vaccine, regardless of my immigration status?
Yes. As far as privacy concerns, the state only reports aggregate vaccination numbers to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which means the federal government will not receive any information about who, specifically, in Nevada has gotten vaccinated.
Additionally, state regulations protect information in the state’s immunization information system as confidential. Access is restricted to health care providers, child care facilities, public schools, systems of higher education, the Department of Health and Human Services, insurance companies, child welfare agencies and the Department of Corrections.
Do I need to get vaccinated if I’ve had COVID-19?
People who have recovered from COVID-19 are being asked to get vaccinated because of uncertainty about how long natural immunity acquired after contracting the virus lasts.
The state is currently recommending that anyone who is 90 days past the resolution of their infection to get vaccinated but are urging people to talk with their health care providers for more information about their individual situation.
What can I expect from the vaccination process?
At some sites, you make experience a wait before you can receive the vaccine. At others, you may be able to show up and get vaccinated immediately.
Vaccination sites enforce social distancing and mask wearing. When it’s your turn, you’ll be asked some brief questions and to confirm that you are who you say you are. The vaccination itself will be quick like the flu shot — just a shot in the arm — but then you’ll be directed to a waiting area where you’ll be asked to wait at least 15 minutes to monitor for any immediate side effects, or 30 minutes if you have a history of anaphylaxis.
At the end of the vaccination process, you’ll receive a physical vaccine card with a record of your first vaccination, which you will need to bring when you return for your second dose, if you are vaccinated with Pfizer or Moderna. If you are vaccinated with Johnson and Johnson, a one-shot vaccine, you will not need to return.
Make sure to keep your vaccination card in a safe place and either make a photocopy of it or take a picture of it with your phone as a backup.
Can I choose which vaccine I get?
Right now, because so little of the vaccine is currently available, most people aren’t going to have a choice about which vaccine they get, though your vaccine registration portal may tell you which product is being offered. Public health professionals and doctors have said that people should take whichever vaccine is offered first to them.
If you are 16 or 17, however, you must receive the Pfizer vaccine, since it is the only product approved for use in that age group.
How do we know the vaccine is safe?
According to Johns Hopkins University, none of the vaccine trials have reported any serious safety concerns.
Dr. Andy Pasternak, a family medicine doctor in Reno, said it’s okay to be nervous about the vaccine and urged anyone with any questions to talk to their primary care doctor or other local doctors they know and trust. He also recommended that interested individuals who have a group they’d like to educate about the vaccine — such as a workplace or a church — reach out to local doctors to see if they’d be willing to participate in a Zoom vaccination education session.
“We’re here to help you. We’re part of your community. We’re getting the vaccine. We don’t want to tell people you have to get this, we want people to ask questions and feel comfortable with it,” Pasternak said.
What are the side effects of the COVID vaccine?
Common side effects include sore arm, fever, muscle pain and fatigue that resolve within 24 hours after receiving the vaccine. For most people the side effects will be a little bit more than a flu shot, though it varies, Pasternak said. In general, the second shot has tended to hit people harder, in terms of side effects, than the first.
Should I be worried about taking the vaccine if I suffer from severe allergies?
Some people who have taken the vaccine have experienced severe allergic reactions, though those reactions were successfully treated and those individuals recovered.
“For someone who does have severe allergies, I’m telling them to talk to their physicians and go over things,” Pasternak said. “Ultimately, we’ll have more data coming out in the next couple of weeks.”
In general, you can expect to have to wait 15-30 minutes after getting the vaccine at the location where you received it to make sure that you do not experience any allergic reactions.
Read the CDC’s full recommendations on allergic reactions and the COVID-19 vaccine here.
Am I protected from COVID-19 after my first shot?
While studies show that the first dose of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines offers some protection, you are not considered fully protected until after you get your second shot. That’s why you should return for your second dose unless a vaccination provider or doctor tells you not to. The second dose is typically administered 21 to 28 days after the first shot, depending on which vaccine you received. (Pfizer’s second dose is given in three weeks; Moderna’s is four.)
The Johnson and Johnson vaccine requires only one shot.
Generally, you are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after your second shot of Pfizer or Moderna or your first shot of Johnson and Johnson.
Can I stop wearing a mask and social distancing once I get the vaccine?
No, you must keep wearing a mask and practicing social distancing at least in the immediate future. Right now, scientists know that the vaccine is effective at preventing people from falling ill from COVID-19. However, they don’t know whether it actually stops people from carrying and transmitting the virus, though the issue is undergoing study. That means that there is a possibility that even if you have been vaccinated you could still pass the virus to an unvaccinated loved one or friend.
Pasternak said that while most vaccines both prevent you from getting sick and from transmitting the virus, not all do. The polio vaccine, for instance, stops disease but doesn’t prevent transmission.
“People say, ‘Oh, well if the vaccine doesn’t prevent disease, why get it?’” Pasternak said. “For Polio, it still helps.”
However, people who have been vaccinated may gather with other vaccinated individuals without masks and social distancing.
Will the vaccine give me COVID?
No, you can’t get COVID-19 by taking the COVID-19 vaccine.
“There’s no way you can get COVID from this,” Pasternak said.
None of the COVID-19 vaccines in development in the United States use a live or inactivated COVID-19 virus, though those types of vaccines are commonly used to protect against other viruses.
Live vaccines are used to protect against measles, mumps and rubella, smallpox and chickenpox. Inactivated vaccines are used to protect against Hepatitis A, the flu, polio and rabies.
However, it’s important to note that it will take some time for your body to build up immunity against COVID-19 after you receive the vaccine, so you could still fall ill with the virus if you are infected before or just after vaccination. That’s why it’s important that you continue to wear a mask and social distance.
What is an mRNA vaccine?
Unlike other vaccines that put a live or inactivated virus into our bodies to trigger an immune response, mRNA vaccines give our body a tiny piece of genetic material known as messenger RNA.
That mRNA contains instructions for how to build a harmless portion of a viral protein to teach our bodies how to fight the virus. When our cells encounter the mRNA, they manufacture that harmless protein. When the cell displays that protein on its surface, the body triggers an immune response, producing antibodies and activating T-cells to fight off the protein. That means that when our body encounters the real viral protein, it recognizes it and already knows how to defeat the virus.
The mRNA, however, does not alter or modify your DNA in any way. Once your body makes the harmless protein, the cell breaks down the mRNA and disposes of it within the cell. The mRNA never enters the cell’s nucleus, where DNA is stored.
Pasternak compared it to a castle within a village surrounded by a moat. The mRNA gets into the village but it never crosses the moat into the castle, where the DNA lives.
While mRNA vaccines are a new technology, early stage clinical trials using mRNA vaccines have been carried out for other viruses, including the flu, Zika, rabies and cytomegalovirus.
Does the vaccine work on new strains of COVID?
The research on this is constantly evolving. Early data shows Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine appears to be effective against both the UK and South African strains of COVID-19.
Moderna has announced that its vaccine also appears to be effective against both the UK and South African strains of the virus, though the vaccine has diminished efficacy against the South African variant. In line with those preliminary findings, Moderna is beginning two new studies, one on a booster shot of its vaccine to combat the South African variant and a new vaccine specific to the strain.
For the latest on how effective the vaccines are against variants, click here.
How many COVID vaccines are available right now?
Right now, the Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson and Johnson (also known as Janssen) vaccines are approved for distribution in the U.S., though there are dozens of others in the works.
Because it is a different kind of vaccine, known as an adenovirus-based vaccine, the Janssen vaccine is more stable than the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines — meaning it can be stored in regular refrigerators for months. It also only requires one dose, not two.
It is unclear when two other vaccines — developed by AstraZeneca and Novovax — will come before the FDA for consideration in the U.S.
Who developed the vaccine plan in Nevada and nationally?
Nationally, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has been putting forward recommendations on the COVID-19 vaccine. The state’s vaccination playbook is largely built on that guidance, with input from clinical and public health staff at the Department of Health and Human Services, the governor’s office, disability advocacy groups, and others.
If, after reading this article and visiting the links for additional information referenced in it, you cannot find the answer to your COVID-19 vaccination question, please email [email protected]. We will either attempt to answer your question over email or save it for a future update to this story.